Just recently, Iloilo and Guimaras Province has reached a heat index of 43 degrees Celsius this May 12 (Tuesday), according to the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical, and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA). Heat index is defined as an index that combines air temperature and relative humidity – what temperature feels like to the human body when relative humidity is combined by air. According to PAGASA, a heat index between 41 and 54 degrees Celsius is considered dangerous.
Extremely high temperatures can lead to heat cramps and heat exhaustion, even heatstroke.
Here’s some information about heatstroke:
What is heat stroke? In an article by the Mayo Clinic, heatstroke is defined as a condition caused by the body overheating, usually a result of prolonged exposure or physical exertion in high temperatures. The most serious form of injury is when the body temperature reaches 104 F (40 C) or higher. Heatstroke requires emergency treatment as it may cause damage to the brain, kidneys, and muscles.
Symptoms of heatstroke? In the same article, the following are symptoms of heatstroke: high body temperature, altered mental state, alteration in sweating, nausea and vomiting, flushes skin, rapid breathing, racing heart rate, and headache.
Immediate actions to alleviate heat stroke. The Mayo Clinic enumerates the following first aid actions for a person having a heat stroke while waiting for emergency treatment: get the person indoors or under shade, remove excess clothing, and cool the person with whatever means possible. It is also important to follow preventive measures such as staying hydrated and taking it easy during the hottest time of the day.